Volume 12, Issue 1 ( March- 2023)                   Caspian J Dent Res 2023, 12(1): 8-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghasemian Gorji F, Ghadimi R, Hosseini S R, Bijani A, Shirzad A, Sayadi F, et al . Frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and oral health-related quality of life among the elderly in Amirkola (Babol, Iran). Caspian J Dent Res 2023; 12 (1) :8-19
URL: http://cjdr.ir/article-1-375-en.html
,Oral Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. , m.motalebnejad@mubabol.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1683 Views)
Introduction: Considering that nutrition plays a prominent role in the health of the elderly, oral health and the associated quality of life are very important for a healthy diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among the elderly in Amirkola.
Materials & Methods: This study was part of the second phase of the Amirkola elderly cohort study conducted on 750 older people who underwent a special oral and dental examination in 2016-2020 using the Oral Health Questionnaire. The frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption was assessed with the  Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency  Questionnaire (SQFFQ), OHRQoL was assessed with the  General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI), and information on age, sex, history of systemic diseases, and the number of teeth was extracted from the full data set completed by specialists for each patient. Data were analyzed with SPSS 20 using the chi-square statistical test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient. A value of p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Non-smokers and people with a higher level of education had a better OHRQoL (P=0.022 and P=0.036, respectively). There was no significant relationship between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and OHRQoL, but a significant relationship was found between the frequency of fresh herb consumption and OHRQoL (p=0.005). In men, there was a significant relationship between the number of teeth and frequency of vegetable consumption as well as between OHRQoL and frequency of fresh herb consumption in men (P=0.048, r=0.096).In women, a significant relationship was observed between the frequency of total vegetable consumption and OHRQoL (p=0.021, r=0.129).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, it was found that the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption has no effect on improving the OHRQoL among the elderly of Amirkola city.
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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Oral Health
* Corresponding Author Address: Dapartment of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol,Iran.

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