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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (September- 2019) ::
Caspian J Dent Res 2019, 8(2): 56-62 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between self-reported oral hygiene and clinical plaque index among adolescents in Isfahan
Imaneh Asgari * , Asma Amiri
,Dental Materials Research Center, Dental Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran. , asgari_i@dnt.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5871 Views)
Introduction: Although though the best way to assess individual’s oral hygiene is to measure plaque and calculus indices, various studies have evaluated an individual’s self-report of oral-hygiene behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate diagnostic values of self-reporting tool and relationship between current oral self-care behaviors and plaque index (PI).
Materials &Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 260 13-15-year-old students from girls’ schools in Isfahan using two-stage randomized sampling. Data collection tools on oral-hygiene habits were extracted based on available studies and presented in two versions for student and parent.
Then, students’ PI was measured by a trained and calibrated examiner using Silness and Loe PI. The frequency of oral-hygiene behaviors reported by parents and students with PI was measured by McNemar, Kappa and Mann Whitney tests with significance level of 0.05. Sensitivity and specificity of the tools were calculated based on the standard PI.
Results: The PI mean (SD) was 1.07 ±0.5. There was a significant relationship between PI and self-reported toothbrushing status (p = 0.017).
The PI was higher in students with bad toothbrushing habits based on the reports of themselves and their parents as well as with bad flossing habits based on their parents’ reports (p=0.017, 0.001, 0.005). Diagnostic value of children’s self-report and parental report about toothbrushing status indicated low sensitivity (about 35%) and high specificity (about 83%). Positive predictive value was approximately good (about 71%) and negative predictive value was low (about 52%). Diagnostic value of parental report about flossing status represented high sensitivity (85%) and low specificity (26%).
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggested that among such population, students with bad toothbrushing habits based on parental and self-reports are more likely to have undesirable (moderate/poor) PI.
Keywords: Toothbrushing, Sensitivity and specificity, Oral hygiene, Dental plaque index, Self-report
Full-Text [PDF 1023 kb]   (1887 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Oral Health
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Oral Public Health, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran.
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Asgari I, Amiri A. Relationship between self-reported oral hygiene and clinical plaque index among adolescents in Isfahan. Caspian J Dent Res 2019; 8 (2) :56-62
URL: http://cjdr.ir/article-1-282-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 2 (September- 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیقات دندانپزشکی کاسپین Caspian Journal of Dental Research
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