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:: Volume 2, Issue 2 (September- 2013) ::
Caspian J Dent Res 2013, 2(2): 23-28 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of frictional resistance between monocrystalline (ICE) brakcets and Stainless Steel, Beta TMA and NiTiarch wires
Meysam Mirzaie , Valiollah Arash , Mahmoud Rabiee , Iman Ramezani * , Ali Bijani
Dental Sudent ,Dental Materials Research Center, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University Medical Sciences , im_ramezani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6732 Views)

Introduction: When using sliding mechanics for space closure during orthodontic treatment, friction occurs at the bracket-wire interface. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frictional resistance between monocrystalline (ICE) brackets and Stainless Steel, Beta TMA and NiTi wires.

Methods: In this experimental study, we used 5 different types of orthodontic wires. Brackets and wires were divided in to 5 groups: 1-(monocrystalline+stainless steel 18) 2–(monocrystalline+stainless steel 19×25) 3-(monocrystalline+Beta-TMA) 4–(monocrystalline+Beta TMA 19×25) 5-(monocrystalline+NiTi 18). Instron Universal Testing Machine was used to investigate the static frictional resistance. The angulation between bracket and wire was 0 and the wires were pulled through the slots at a speed of 10 mm/min. Tests were performed 10 times for each group in artificial saliva. The average of 10 forces recorded was considered as static friction. One-way ANOVA and SPSS Version 18 and LSD post hoc test were used to evaluate the results of the study.

Results: The mean static frictional force for each group was: group1: 0.82 ± 0.14, group 2: 1.09 ± 0.30, group 3: 0.87 ± 0.53, group 4: 1.9 ± 1.16, group 5: 1.42 ± 0.30. There was a significant difference when comparing the two groups of similar wires in terms of shape (round or rectangular cross-section) as when comparing Beta TMA 18 and 19×25 arch wires with each other, the obtained p-value was 0.023, while the obtained p-value for the comparison of stainles steel arch wires was 0.034 .

Conclusions: The result of this study shows that Stainless Steel 18 wires generate the least amount of friction and round wires produce less friction than the rectangular wires. Beta TMA wires generate the highest amount of friction.

Keywords: Bracket, Wire, Frictional resistance
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Orthodontics
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Mirzaie M, Arash V, Rabiee M, Ramezani I, Bijani A. Evaluation of frictional resistance between monocrystalline (ICE) brakcets and Stainless Steel, Beta TMA and NiTiarch wires . Caspian J Dent Res. 2013; 2 (2) :23-28
URL: http://cjdr.ir/article-1-83-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 2 (September- 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیقات دندانپزشکی کاسپین Caspian Journal of Dental Research
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