:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (In Press ; September- 2022) ::
Caspian J Dent Res 2022, 11(2): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Effect of CO2 laser irradiation on the surface of the polycrystalline ceramic bracket and the rate of canine movement with sliding mechanic
Mostafa Ebrahimi , Reza Ghorbanipour , Tania Ghasemi , Ali Bijani , Maysam Mirzaie *
,Dental Materials Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran. , maysam2352@gmail.com
Abstract:   (398 Views)
Introduction: Metal brackets are the most commonly used brackets in clinical orthodontics, but the sight of color of the metal bracket can be unpleasant for some patients. Ceramic brackets offer the desired beauty but they have higher frictional resistance.  Considering that in vitro studies suggest that CO2 laser reduces the friction between the wire and slot of the bracket in the sliding mechanics, the aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect of CO2 laser on the speed of tooth movement using the sliding mechanics.
Materials & Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was performed on 7 patients and a total of 13 half jaws in each group. These patients were candidates for bilateral extraction of the first premolars due to lack of space or dentoalveolar protrusion. After alignment and leveling, the ceramic brackets were passively bonded. The ceramic brackets of the experimental group irradiated with the CO2 laser and the brackets of the control group were bonded unchanged. The brackets were examined with an atomic force microscope (AFM) before and after irradiation. Statistical data were analyzed paired t-test to compare the rate of gap closure between the two groups at one-month intervals. ANOVA was used to examine the reduction in spacing at three-month intervals. A value of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The rate of gap closure between the two groups was compared at one-month intervals, which was not statistically significant in either month. Furthermore, in the comparison between the study and control groups, the decrease in the distance between the canine and second premolars was not statistically significant after a total of three months (p=0.0918).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, CO2 laser irradiation of the bracket surface has no effect on the speed of movement of the canine when sliding on the wire.
Keywords: Friction, Tooth, Movement
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Orthodontics
* Corresponding Author Address: ,Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

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